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Agalinis purpurea

Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell

Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell var. carteri Pennell

Gerardia purpurea L.

Gerardia purpurea L. ssp. parvula Pennell

Gerardia purpurea L. var. carteri (Pennell) Pennell

Gerardia purpurea L. var. grandiflora Benth.

Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyOrobanchaceaeBroomrape family of parasitic plants
GenusAgalinisBotanical Latin: “remarkable flax”
SpeciespurpureaGreek “purple”

About plant names...

Purple false foxglove is a North American native plant.

Identification: Plants are 4-40" (10-101 cm) tall, hairless, supported with delicate four-angled stems that flop over if there is no nearby vegetation. Stems and leaves turn purple in early fall. Leaves are opposite, linear, ¾-1¾" (1.9-4.4 cm) long, and thinner than most grass blades. Some leaves branch into smaller leaves. Lavender- to purple- to pink-colored flowers appear in loose racemes. They are roughly trumpet-shaped, with the trumpet pointing sideways but bending upward; and bilaterally symmetrical, with two upper lobes, two lower lobes, and a bottom lobe. Flowers are ½-1" (1.3-2.5 cm) in size. The central throat of each flower is white, with purple spots. Flowers appear August to September. Flowers are replaced by shiny seed-filled rounded capsules ⅛-¼" (3.2-6.3 mm) in diameter.

Online References:

Agalinis purpurea at Illinois Wildflowers

Agalinis purpurea on www.jeffpippen.com

Agalinis purpurea on Delaware Wildflowers

Agalinis purpurea at Minnesota Wildflowers

Agalinis purpurea at Maine.gov’s Department of Conservation Maine Natural Areas Program

Agalinis purpurea at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Agalinis purpurea on michiganflora.net

Agalinis purpurea on luirig.altervista.org

References:

Clemants, Steven; Gracie, Carol, Wildflowers in the Field and Forest, Oxford University Press, 2006

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

9/4/2013 · Amos Kendall Conservation Area, Dunstable, MA
≈ 5 × 8" (12 × 19 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

4/14/2015 · Long Pine Key, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 4 × 5" (10 × 13 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

8/23/2013 · Andres Institute of Art, Big Bear Mountain, Brookline, NH
≈ 6 × 4" (15 × 10 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

8/23/2013 · Andres Institute of Art, Big Bear Mountain, Brookline, NH
≈ 4½ × 7" (11 × 17 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

7/31/2012 · Bemis Rd Conservation Area, Pepperell, MA
≈ 6 × 4" (14 × 10 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

9/1/2012 · Bemis Rd Conservation Area, Pepperell, MA
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 11 cm)

Agalinis purpurea description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 20 Apr 2015.

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Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

9/4/2013 · Amos Kendall Conservation Area, Dunstable, MA
≈ 5 × 8" (13 × 20 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

4/12/2015 · Shark Valley, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 4½ × 5" (11 × 13 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

9/1/2012 · Bemis Rd Conservation Area, Pepperell, MA
≈ 6 × 4" (15 × 10 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

9/4/2013 · Amos Kendall Conservation Area, Dunstable, MA
≈ 5 × 8" (12 × 19 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

7/31/2012 · Bemis Rd Conservation Area, Pepperell, MA
≈ 2½ × 3" (7 × 7.9 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

9/1/2012 · Bemis Rd Conservation Area, Pepperell, MA
≈ 5 × 4½" (13 × 11 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

9/1/2012 · Bemis Rd Conservation Area, Pepperell, MA
≈ 10 × 15" (26 × 39 cm)

Agalinis purpurea (Purple False Foxglove, Smooth Gerardia)

4/12/2015 · Shark Valley, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 4½ × 5" (11 × 12 cm)

Range:

About this map...