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Aloe succotrina

Aloe succotrina Lam.

 

Aloe, Fynbos Aloe

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassLiliidaeIncludes lilies, orchids, and many others
OrderAsparagalesA diverse group that includes asparagus
FamilyXanthorrhoeaceaeAloes, many tropical plants, flax lilies, daylilies, many others
GenusAloeMeans “goddess” in ancient Sanskrit, for its reputed use as a beauty aid
Speciessuccotrina

About plant names...

This aloe is found in mountainous areas of South Africa: in parts of Cape Town and the southwestern corner of Western Cape, South Africa. It is not found in the wild in North America. It has the distinction of being the first aloe introduced to Europe, where it arrived in 1689.

Identification: Plants reach 3-5' (1-1.5 m) in height. Like other aloes, their leaves form rosettes. Leaves are ascending, curved, shaped like the keel of a boat in cross section, tapering to a point, with sharp white bumps along the edges. They are about 20" (50 cm) × 4" (10 cm) in size. Flowers appear in a tall raceme up to 14" (35 cm) high. Each flower is tubular in shape, nodding, up to 1½" (4 cm) long, and red to orange in color. They appear in the winter.

Online References:

Aloe succotrina on the South African National Biodiversity Institute's web site, plantzafrica.com

Aloe succotrina on Henriette’s Herbal Homepage

Aloe succotrina on Desert-tropicals.com

Aloe succotrina on Wikimedia Commons

Aloe succotrina description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 29 Oct 2013.

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Aloe succotrina (Aloe, Fynbos Aloe)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA

Range: Zones 9b-10:

About this map...