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Arisaema triphyllum

Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott

 

Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassAlismatidaeAquatic and marshy plants
OrderAlismatalesHerbaceous flowering plants found in marshy habitats
FamilyAraceaeArum family, with plants whose flower is enclosed in a spathe
GenusArisaemaGreek aris, a kind of arum, and haema, for “blood”
Speciestriphyllum

About plant names...

Jack-in-the-pulpits are generally between 15-30" (38-76 cm) high. The flowers on this plant are small, in the form of a spadix, a small column with tiny flowers. They are covered by a hood, from which the name is derived.

Identification: The flower spike can be several inches in length, appearing in April to May. The hood (called the spadix) has zebra-like stripes on the inside. The leaves are in groups of three, looking somewhat like poison ivy leaves. The flowers turn to berries that become bright red in the fall.

Edibility: Poisonous. Skull & Crossbones Jack-in-the-pulpit contains calcium oxalate and asparagine. The former causes a burning sensation. A few American Indian cultures may have processed this plant to remove its toxins and consumed it, though.

Online References:

Arisaema triphyllum at Illinois Wildflowers

Arisaema triphyllum on Wikipedia

Arisaema triphyllum at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Arisaema triphyllum at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Arisaema triphyllum on CalPhotos

Arisaema triphyllum at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Arisaema triphyllum on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Arisaema triphyllum in Paghat's Garden

Arisaema triphyllum on eFloras

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/28/2015 · Bates Land and Blackman Land, Groton Conservation Trust, Groton, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 28 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

9/20/2009 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/2/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 11 × 7" (26 × 16 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

Normally, the top portion (spadix) is longer, hiding the spathe within. Something isn’t quite right with this plant, so we can peek inside. · 5/27/2016 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

10/2/2010 · Raymondskill Falls, Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, PA
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

9/20/2009 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/14/2012 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/14/2010 · Beaver Brook Association Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 5 × 7" (13 × 17 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 30 May 2016.

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Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/22/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 21 × 31" (52 × 78 cm) ID is uncertain

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/28/2015 · Bates Land and Blackman Land, Groton Conservation Trust, Groton, MA
≈ 8 × 12" (21 × 31 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/14/2012 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA
≈ 14 × 16" (34 × 40 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/28/2015 · Bates Land and Blackman Land, Groton Conservation Trust, Groton, MA
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 25 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/27/2016 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA
≈ 8 × 12" (20 × 31 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 10 × 12" (26 × 30 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

8/8/2010 · Rod and Ellen’s, Westford, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

3/30/2010 · Stan and Connie’s, Falmouth, ME · By Constance B. Kent

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit, Bog Onion, Brown Dragon, Indian Turnip, Wake Robin, Wild Turnip, Jack-in-the-pulput)

7/7/2017 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA ID is uncertain

Range: Zones 4-9:

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