Black chokeberry is a deciduous shrub native to eastern North America.
It prefers wet areas.
Plants: Shrubs are 3-10' (91-304 cm) high
and 3-6' (91-182 cm) around.
Leaves: Glossy, elliptic to obovate, finely toothed,
1-3½" (3-9 cm) × ½-1¾" (1.5-5 cm).
Leaves turn bright red in the fall.
Flowers: Clusters of 5-6 white flowers. Each flower
has five petals. Flowers appear in May.
Fruits: Produces large clusters of shiny deep purple or
black berries. Berries are ⅛-¼" (5-7.6 mm) in size.
Edibility: Edible, but extremely tart, hence the common
name “chokeberry.” Nothing enough sugar cannot cure.
Medical: This has been actively researched for at least 15
years, for its hepatoprotective (liver-protective), gastroprotective, and anti-inflammatory effects. It shows bacteriostatic activity
in vitro against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, and an antiviral activity
against Type A influenza. It also shows promise against breast cancer.