Balsamorhiza sagittata (Pursh) Nutt.
|Kingdom||Plantae||Plants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae|
|Subkingdom||Tracheobionta||Vascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients|
|Division||Magnoliophyta||Flowering plants, also known as angiosperms|
|Class||Magnoliopsida||Dicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves|
|Subclass||Asteridae||A large class that encompasses asters|
|Order||Asterales||Flowering plants with a central disk flower and surrounding petals, like daisies|
|Family||Asteraceae||The aster family, which also includes daisies and sunflowers; from the Greek ἀστήρ, “star,” for the star-shaped flowers|
|Genus||Balsamorhiza||From the Greek balsamos, “balsam,” and rhiza, “root,” alluding to the plants having roots with a balsamic or resinous smell or exudation|
About plant names...
Arrowleaf balsamroot is named for its wide, sharply pointed leaves and its pine-scented, sticky sap.
These plants are members of the sunflower family.
Identification: Plants grow up to 24" (60 cm) in height. Leaves have hairs,
sometimes rough, especially underneath. The bright, sunny flowers, like miniature sunflowers, are
1½" (3.8 cm) to 3" (7.6 cm) across. The sticky sap smells strongly of pine, . They
appear at altitudes between 4300' (1.3 km) and 1.6 mi (2.5 km).
Leaves near the base of the plant
resemble arrowheads with wavy edges, though smaller leaves are more
Edibility: Despite its bitter sap, the entire arrowleaf balsamroot is
edible. The large taproots are especially palatable.
The Oregon Flora Image Project
Wildflowers, Ferns & Trees of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah
The USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database
The Montana Native Plant Society (PDF)
The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
SEINet—the Southwest Environmental Information Network
Balsamorhiza sagittata description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.
© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.
5/28/2009 · Mesa Verde, Cortez, Colorado
≈ 4½ × 3' (1.4 × 0.9 m) ID is uncertain
About this map...