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Campanula rapunculoides

Campanula rapunculoides L.

Campanula rapunculoides L. var. ucranica (Besser) K. Koch

Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderAsteralesFlowering plants with a central disk flower and surrounding petals, like daisies
FamilyCampanulaceaeCampanula or bellflower family; means “bell-shaped flowers”
GenusCampanulaLatin for “little bell”: the bellflower family
SpeciesrapunculoidesMeans “similar to Campanula rapunculus

About plant names...

Creeping bellflower is native to Europe and western Siberia. It inhabits fields, stream banks, woodlands, wood­land edges, prairies, roadsides, urban areas, and oak savannas. Introduced to other countries, it is has escaped cultivation and naturalized in Australia, New Zealand, North America and South America. Over much of its range, it is considered an invasive species, and it is not recommended for gardens for this reason. Once established, creeping bellflower is extremely diffi­cult to get rid of.

Plants: 12-31" (30-80 cm) high. Stems are erect or leaning and usually unbranched, smooth to slightly hairy, with parallel reddish ridges.

Leaves: Leaves near the base of the plant are triangular and narrow, with a heart-shaped or rounded base, jagged edges, and a rough texture. Lower leaves are up to 4" (10 cm) × 2" (5 cm), on stalks (petioles) up to 6" (15 cm) long. Upper stem leaves are alternate, lanceolate to ovate, and sessile, with hairy undersides.

Flowers: Flowers hang like beautiful bells, in erect racemes. They are bright blue-violet (rarely white), ¾-1½" (2-4 cm) long, with five deep lobes, on short stems. The bracts at the base of each bell also form a 5-pointed star, and are reflexed (bent back). Flowers appear from June to August.

Fruits: Capsules ⅛-¼" (5-8 mm) × ~³/₁₆" (5-6 mm), are nearly round. They burst open when dry, releasing flattened seeds about ¹/₃₂" (1 mm) in size. A single plant produces as many at 15,000 seeds!

Edibility: Leaves, shoots and roots are edible for humans. The plant was once cultivated for food.

Online References:

Campanula rapunculoides on Missouriplants.com

Campanula rapunculoides at Illinois Wildflowers

Campanula rapunculoides on Wikipedia

Campanula rapunculoides at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Campanula rapunculoides at Minnesota Wildflowers

Campanula rapunculoides on www.invasiveplantatlas.org

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/18/2019 · Oceanview, Falmouth, ME
≈ 10 × 6" (24 × 16 cm) ID is uncertain

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/16/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 4" (10 × 10 cm)

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/17/2019 · Oceanview, Falmouth, ME
≈ 8 × 12" (20 × 31 cm) ID is uncertain

Campanula rapunculoides description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 11 Jul 2019.

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Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/18/2019 · Oceanview, Falmouth, ME
≈ 10 × 6" (24 × 16 cm) ID is uncertain

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/16/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 5" (9.9 × 12 cm)

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

9/18/2016 · Edgar M. Tennis Preserve, Deer Isle, ME

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/16/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

9/18/2016 · Edgar M. Tennis Preserve, Deer Isle, ME

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/17/2019 · Oceanview, Falmouth, ME
≈ 4 × 6" (10 × 15 cm) ID is uncertain

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/16/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 4½" (10 × 11 cm)

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

9/18/2016 · Edgar M. Tennis Preserve, Deer Isle, ME

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/16/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 11 cm)

Campanula rapunculoides (Creeping Bellflower, Rampion Bellflower, Rover Bellflower)

7/17/2019 · Oceanview, Falmouth, ME
≈ 5 × 8" (13 × 20 cm) ID is uncertain

Range: Zones 3-9:

About this map...