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Capsicum annuum ‘Filius Blue’

 

Ornamental Peppers

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderSolanalesPotatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, petunias, sweet potatoes, morning glories, many others
FamilySolanaceaeNightshade or potato family
GenusCapsicumFrom Greek κάπτω, kapto, “to bite”
Speciesannuum“Annual”
Cultivar‘Filius Blue’

About plant names...

Cayenne peppers are natives of southern North America and northern South America. Most of the peppers we eat or grow as ornamentals are cultivated from this species, including anchos, banana peppers, cayennes, de árbols, guajillos, jalapeños, anaheims, Italian sweets, pasillas, peperoncinis, pimentos, poblanos, serranos, and tabascos. (A few, habaneros among them, have other origins.) ’Filius Blue’ peppers, named for the blue color of the young fruits, are believed to have originated in Mexico.

If you are curious as to the origins of these popular peppers, consider Kraig Harris Kraft’s 2009 dissertation on the subject, The domestication of the chile pepper, Capsicum annuum: Genetic, ecological, and anthropogenic patterns of genetic diversity.

Identification: Plants are up to 18" (45 cm) high, densely branched. They are annuals in cooler climates and woody perennials in warmer ones. (Woody variants are sometimes referred to as Capsicum frutescens, but there is little evidence to support this separate classification.) Leaves are oblong-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) long. Flowers are purple, about 1" (2.5 cm) in size, appearing from May to October. Fruits are shiny ovals, ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) around. They are purplish-blue when young, becoming red.

Online References:

Capsicum annuum on CalPhotos

Capsicum annuum at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Capsicum annuum on Wikipedia

Capsicum annuum on udini.proquest.com

Capsicum annuum on eFloras

References:

Fayaz, Ahmed, Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants: Identification and Cultivation of Over 3000 Tropical Plants, Firefly Books, 2011, p. 663

Graf, Alfred Byrd, Exotic Plant Manual: Fascinating Plants to Live With—Their Requirements, Propagation, and Use, Roehrs Company, 1974, p. 386

Capsicum annuum ‘Filius Blue’ description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 18 Oct 2013.

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Capsicum annuum (Ornamental Peppers)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 12 × 8" (31 × 20 cm)

Capsicum annuum (Ornamental Peppers)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Capsicum annuum (Ornamental Peppers)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Capsicum annuum (Ornamental Peppers)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Capsicum annuum (Ornamental Peppers)

9/7/2010 · Tower Hill Botanic Garden, Boylston, MA
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Range: Zones 4-10:

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