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Clintonia borealis

Clintonia borealis (Aiton) Raf.

Dracaena borealis Aiton

Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassLiliidaeIncludes lilies, orchids, and many others
OrderLilialesIncludes lilies, tulips, trilliums, greenbriars, and others
FamilyLiliaceaeLilly family
GenusClintoniaAfter De Witt Clinton (1769-1828), a naturalist and governor of New York
SpeciesborealisNorthern

About plant names...

Yellow blue-bead lily—or whatever you want to call it, since this common species has lots of names—is so named for its pretty yellow flowers and deep, almost metallic blue berries. They occur in New England and temperate regions of the eastern United States, in deciduous and hardwood forests. They seem to have a special affinity for moutains and swampy areas.

Identification: Plants are 12" (30 cm) in height, with a central stem and basal leaves. Leaves are oblong, ovate, or elliptic, 6-12" (15-30 cm) in length. Each leaf is glossy, with a central vein running the length of the leaf, and parallel lines on either side. Flowers are umbels (bell-shaped), in groups of two to six, each up to 1" (2.5 cm). Each flower has six tepals and six long stamens, as well as a long style. They are nodding. Fruits are berries ¼-⅜" (8-12 mm) in diameter, round or oval, with a rich shiny blue color.

Edibility: Young leaves are edible. The delicious-looking berries are not though—they are mildly toxic, and they taste bad.

Medical: The roots contain diosgenin, a saponin steroid with estrogenic effects.

Online References:

Clintonia borealis on www.minnesotawildflowers.info

Clintonia borealis on gobotany.newenglandwild.org

Clintonia borealis at the U.S. Forest Service Celebrating Wildflowers site

Clintonia borealis on newyork.plantatlas.usf.edu

Clintonia borealis on en.wikipedia.org

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

10/5/2014 · Mt. Killington, Killington, VT
≈ 2½ × 2½" (7.3 × 6.6 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

8/14/2015 · Roost Trail, Grafton Notch State Park, Newry, Maine
≈ 12 × 8" (31 × 21 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

7/12/2015 · Mt. Kearsarge, Wilmot/Warner, NH
≈ 10 × 7" (25 × 16 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

5/9/2016 · Rachel Carson Interpretive Trail, Kennebunk, ME
≈ 5 × 4" (12 × 10 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

8/8/2015 · Mt. Wachusett
≈ 6 × 6" (16 × 15 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

5/9/2016 · Rachel Carson Interpretive Trail, Kennebunk, ME
≈ 6 × 4" (15 × 10 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

7/12/2015 · Mt. Kearsarge, Wilmot/Warner, NH
≈ 11 × 7" (28 × 18 cm)

Clintonia borealis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Dec 2016.

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Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

7/12/2015 · Mt. Kearsarge, Wilmot/Warner, NH
≈ 2½ × 3" (7.3 × 7.6 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

8/15/2015 · Grafton Notch State Park, Newry, Maine
≈ 31 × 21" (79 × 53 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

5/9/2016 · Rachel Carson Interpretive Trail, Kennebunk, ME
≈ 2 × 2½" (5.7 × 6.4 cm) ID is uncertain

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

7/13/2015 · Mt. Ascutney State Park, Ascutney, VT
≈ 7 × 5" (18 × 13 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

8/8/2015 · Mt. Wachusett
≈ 5 × 4" (12 × 11 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

The white flowers are bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) · 6/13/2011 · Mount Washington, 6288', NH · By Constance B. Kent

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

8/15/2015 · Grafton Notch State Park, Newry, Maine
≈ 6 × 4" (16 × 10 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

8/15/2015 · Grafton Notch State Park, Newry, Maine
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

8/8/2015 · Mt. Wachusett
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 12 cm)

Clintonia borealis (Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily, Blue-bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily)

5/15/2016 · Mt. Watatic, Ashby, MA

Range:

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