Conocarpus erectus L.
Buttonwood, button mangrove, green buttonwood
Kingdom Plantae Plants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants, also known as angiosperms
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
Subclass Rosidae Roses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
Order Myrtales Includes myrtles, leadwoods, loosestrifes, pomegranates, evening primroses, many others
Family Combretaceae Various trees, shrubs and lianas, including leadwood, other tropical and subtropical plants
Genus Conocarpus From the Greek κονος (konos), “cone,” and καρπος (karpos), “fruit”
Species erectus “Upright”
About plant names...
Buttonwood is found in Bermuda, the coastal swamps of Florida, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
It is also found in the Galapagos Islands, but it does not occur in Mexico. It has horticultural value
as a landscape planting, and for bonsai.
Plants: This drought-tolerant evergreen is 30-40' (9.1-12 m) high
and 20-30' (6.1-9.1 m) around. Trees are erect, with an irregular branched crown. Bark is dark brown,
with ridges and scales.
Leaves: and Alternate , with short petioles. Each leaf is entire to elliptic to
oval , 1¼-4" (3.2-10 cm) long and ½-1¼" (1.3-3.2 cm) wide. lanceolate
Flowers: Clusters of tiny
white fuzzy-looking spherical flowers are 1-3" (2.5-7.6 cm) long, and not showy.
Fruits: Small spherical clusters of reddish-brown fruits, looking like cones, appear interspersed among the leaves,
attached to the stems. Each fruit is scaly, and has two wings. Online References:
The University of Florida IFAS Extension
The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of Threatened Species Older scientific or horticultural names
L. var. sericeus Fors ex DC.
Conocarpus erectus description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.
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Bonsai. · 12/12/2016 · Bonsai West, Littleton, Massachusetts
≈ 14 × 18" (34 × 46 cm)
Range: Zones 10a-11:
About this map...