Conocarpus erectus L.
Conocarpus erectus L. var. sericeus Fors ex DC.
Buttonwood, Button Mangrove, Green Buttonwood
Buttonwood is found in Bermuda, the coastal swamps of Florida, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. It is also found in the Galapagos Islands, but it does not occur in Mexico. It has horticultural value as a landscape planting, and for bonsai.
Identification: This drought-tolerant evergreen is 30-40' (9.1-12 m) high and 20-30' (6.1-9.1 m) around. Trees are erect, with an irregular branched crown. Bark is dark brown, with ridges and scales. Leaves are alternate and entire, with short petioles. Each leaf is elliptic to oval to lanceolate, 1¼-4" (3.2-10 cm) long and ½-1¼" (1.3-3.2 cm) wide. Clusters of tiny white fuzzy-looking spherical flowers are 1-3" (2.5-7.6 cm) long, and not showy. Small spherical clusters of reddish-brown fruits, looking like cones, appear interspersed among the leaves, attached to the stems. Each fruit is scaly, and has two wings.
Conocarpus erectus at the University of Florida IFAS Extension
Conocarpus erectus on en.wikipedia.org
Conocarpus erectus on hort.purdue.edu
Conocarpus erectus on FLORIDATA
Conocarpus erectus on florida.plantatlas.usf.edu
Conocarpus erectus on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of Threatened Species
Conocarpus erectus description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 14 Dec 2016.
Range: Zones 10a-11: