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Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida

Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelm.) F.M. Knuth var. fulgida

Opuntia fulgida Engelm.

Opuntia fulgida Engelm. var. fulgida

Opuntia mamillata Schott 1856

Opuntia fulgida var. mamillata (Schott) J. M. Coulter 1896

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata (Schott) Backeberg 1958

Jumping Cholla, Chain-fruit Cholla, Boxing-glove Cactus, Boxing-glove Cholla, Brinkadora, Club Cactus, Smooth Chain-fruit Cholla, Sonoran Jumping Cholla

ParentsUnknownGenus is not in the current taxonomy
GenusCylindropuntia
Speciesfulgida
var.fulgida

About plant names...

Jumping cholla (pronounced “KOY-ya”) is native to North America.

Identification: These cacti look more treelike, branching into irregular crowns. Stem segments are gray-green, eventually turning black, and spiny. The segments are 2-9" (6-23 cm) long and ¾-1¼" (2-3.5 cm) around. The areoles under each group of spines are triangular, with 0-18 spines per group. Spines are up to 1¼" (3.5 cm) long. They are yellow, but get darker with age. Flowers are pink to magenta. Fruits form long chains like teardrops attached to each other; each fruit is fleshy, green, nearly spineless, ¾-2" (2-5.5 cm) long.

These cholla, like their cousins teddy bear cholla, have a reputation for launching attacks on unwary passers-by. I can personally attest to this, having found a good-sized clump embedded in the leather of my shoe. There are two reasons for this reputation. First, cholla have glochids, tiny groups of spines that detach easily and implant themselves into skin, causing immediate irritation. The second reason is that small portions of chollas routinely break off, littering the desert floor, attaching easily to passing victims, and growing new cacti wherever they end up.

Cylindropuntia fulgida (Jumping Cholla, Chain-fruit Cholla, Boxing-glove Cactus, Boxing-glove Cholla, Brinkadora, Club Cactus, Smooth Chain-fruit Cholla, Sonoran Jumping Cholla)

Flower of Cylindropuntia fulgida, Saguaro National Park, AZ, early August 2007. By NobbiP.

References:

Anderson, Edward F., The Cactus Family, Timber Press, 2001, p. 208

Online References:

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida on Wikipedia

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida at the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum Sonoran Desert Digital Library

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida on cabezaprieta.org

Cylindropuntia fulgida on Opuntiads of the USA

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida on Wikimedia Commons

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida on CalPhotos

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Cylindropuntia fulgida (Jumping Cholla, Chain-fruit Cholla, Boxing-glove Cactus, Boxing-glove Cholla, Brinkadora, Club Cactus, Smooth Chain-fruit Cholla, Sonoran Jumping Cholla)

5/24/2009 · Saguaro National Park, AZ
≈ 5 × 7½' (1.5 × 2.3 m)

Cylindropuntia fulgida (Jumping Cholla, Chain-fruit Cholla, Boxing-glove Cactus, Boxing-glove Cholla, Brinkadora, Club Cactus, Smooth Chain-fruit Cholla, Sonoran Jumping Cholla)

2/17/2007 · Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA ID is uncertain

Cylindropuntia fulgida (Jumping Cholla, Chain-fruit Cholla, Boxing-glove Cactus, Boxing-glove Cholla, Brinkadora, Club Cactus, Smooth Chain-fruit Cholla, Sonoran Jumping Cholla)

5/24/2009 · Arizona Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, AZ
≈ 29 × 42" (72 × 106 cm) ID is uncertain

Range: Zones 8b-10b:

About this map...