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Duchesnea indica

Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke

Fragaria indica Andrews

Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderRosalesRose family and eight others
FamilyRosaceaeIncludes apples, apricots, plums, cherries, peaches, pears, raspberries, strawberries, almonds, roses, meadowsweets, photinias, firethorns, rowans, and hawthorns; many others
GenusDuchesneaFor French botanist Antoine N. Duchesne
Speciesindica“Of or related to India”

About plant names...

Mock strawberries are native to eastern and southern Asia. They were introduced to the United States as ornamental plants, becoming naturalized in the southern United States. In some areas, they are considered invasive.

Identification: Plants are 2-5" (5-12 cm) high. Leaves are in groups of three, dark green, heavily veined beneath, with rounded teeth. They are oval to elliptic, ¾-3" (1.9-7.6 cm) × ¼-1½" (8.5-38 mm), and hairy. Flowers are yellow, with five petals, about ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) in diameter. They flower from April to August. The red berries are ¼-½" (6.3-12 mm) in diameter, more spherical than strawberry-like in shape. The seedlike achenes on the berry are prominently raised, making the fruit resemble a tiny land mine.

Mock strawberries most resemble barren strawberries, since the flowers of both are yellow. They also resemble common strawberries and wild strawberries:

 

Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

4/21/2008 · Memphis, TN · By Tim Chandler

Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

4/21/2007 · Memphis, TN · By Tim Chandler

  You are here
Duchesnea indica

Waldsteinia fragarioides

Fragaria vesca
Common Name

Mock Strawberry

Barren Strawberry

Alpine Strawberry
Plant Plants are 2-5" (5-12 cm) high. 3-8" (7.6-20 cm) high Plants are low-growing, typically 3-6" (7.6-15 cm) tall.
Flowers Flowers are yellow, with five petals, about ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) in diameter. They flower from April to August. Yellow, on a leafless stalk, with five petals, ¼-¾" (8.4-19 mm) around, blooms April-May. Flowers are white, about ½" (1.5 cm) across.
Leaves Leaves are in groups of three, dark green, heavily veined beneath, with rounded teeth. They are oval to elliptic, ¾-3" (1.9-7.6 cm) × ¼-1½" (8.5-38 mm), and hairy. Near the base of the plant, three-lobed, with rounded teeth and shallow lobes. Each leaflet is narrow at the base, widening to rounded ends. Leaves occur in groups of three; each leaflet is ½-2½" (1.5-6.3 cm) long.
Fruit Red berries are ¼-½" (6.3-12 mm) in diameter, more spherical than strawberry-like in shape. The seedlike achenes on the berry are prominently raised, making the fruit resemble a tiny land mine. Dry, inconspicuous seeds. Up to ⅜" (1 cm) across. Red or white in color.
Range/ Zones

Habitats   Pine forests, clearings  
Type Wild Wild Wild

 

 
Fragaria virginiana
Common Name

Common Strawberry
Plant 2-4" (5-10 cm) high.
Flowers White flowers with yellow centers, about ½" (1.3 cm) around. Flowers remain at the level of the leaves.
Leaves Leaf stalks up to 6" (15 cm) long bear groups of three leaves. Each leaf is oval in shape, with a serrated edge, about ¾-1½" (1.9-3.8 cm) long.
Fruit Berries are red, about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter. Seeds are embedded in the berry. Sepals point outward.
Range/ Zones

Habitats Fields, prairies, woodland edges
Type Wild

 

Edibility: Mock strawberries are edible and high in vitamin C, but they lack flavor, and have no detectable odor. Some say the fruit has a mild watermelon taste. (Note: there are many recipes for “mock strawberry jam,” but they use figs or something else, not mock strawberries.)

Online References:

Duchesnea indica on Wildflowers of the United States

Duchesnea indica on the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide

Duchesnea indica on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Duchesnea indica on Delaware Wildflowers

Duchesnea indica at the University of Michigan Herbarium

Duchesnea indica at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Duchesnea indica on eFloras

Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

7/18/2011 · Sue and Rai’s

Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

7/18/2011 · Sue and Rai’s

Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

7/18/2011 · Sue and Rai’s

Duchesnea indica description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 14 Oct 2013.

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Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

7/18/2011 · Sue and Rai’s

Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

7/18/2011 · Sue and Rai’s

Duchesnea indica (Mock Strawberry, Indian Strawberry)

7/29/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...