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Fothergilla major

Fothergilla major (Sims) Lodd.

 

Large Fothergilla, Mountain Witchelder

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassHamamelidaeWind-pollinated shrubs
OrderHamamelidalesWitch hazels and related plants
FamilyHamamelidaceaeWitch-hazels
GenusFothergillaFor English physician John Fothergill
Speciesmajor“Larger, greater”

About plant names...

Fothergilla is named for John Fothergill, a physician and gardener. Large fothergilla is native to the Allegheny Mountains in the American southeast. Fothergilla major is the largest of the fothergillas.

Identification: This woody deciduous shrub is 6-10' (1.8-3 m) tall and 6-8' (1.8-2.4 m) wide, with crooked, zig-zagged stems. It produces numerous white flowerheads that look like bottlebrushes. Each flowerhead is 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) long and 1-0" (2.5-0 cm) in diameter. The brushlike filaments are white flower stamens and pale yellow anthers; there are no petals. The flowers smell a bit like honey. Leaves are alternate, 3-5" (7.6-12 cm) long, glossy, dark green, with prominent veins and shallow lobes or teeth. They become brilliant purple, red, orange, and yellow in the fall. Fruits are inconspicuous green capsules that turn olive brown.

Online References:

Fothergilla major on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook

Fothergilla major 'Mt. Airy' in Paghat's Garden

Fothergilla major at the University of Connecticut Plant Database

Fothergilla major on FLORIDATA

Fothergilla major at the Center for Plant Conversation

Fothergilla major at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Fothergilla major at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site

Fothergilla major at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Fothergilla major at Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum (PDF)

Fothergilla major on eFloras

Fothergilla major description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Fothergilla major (Large Fothergilla, Mountain Witchelder)

5/27/2016 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA
≈ 14 × 21" (34 × 52 cm)

Fothergilla major (Large Fothergilla, Mountain Witchelder)

9/14/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Fothergilla major (Large Fothergilla, Mountain Witchelder)

9/14/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Fothergilla major (Large Fothergilla, Mountain Witchelder)

9/14/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Range:

About this map...