FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Ilex mucronata

Ilex mucronata (L.) Powell Savolainen & Andrews

Nemopanthus mucronatus (L.) Loes.

Vaccinium mucronatum L.

Mountain Holly, Swamp Holly, Catberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderAquifolialesHollies and some fairly obscure genera
FamilyAquifoliaceaeHolly family
GenusIlexLatin for “holly oak” (rather than holly!)
SpeciesmucronataMucronate, with a short, abrupt tip

About plant names...

Mountain holly is native to eastern North America. It prefers habitats that are moist, but drained, and is often found on mountain slopes.

Plants: A deciduous shrub that reach 9½' (3 m) (rarely 13' (4 m)) tall. Older bark is thin, gray, either smooth or rough, dotted with lumpy lenticels.

Leaves: Alternate, elliptic to oblong, sometimes wider toward the tip, hairless, 1-2½" (2.5-6.3 cm) long × ¾ that in width. Leaf edges may be smooth or finely serrated, with a sharp tip. Their petioles (stems) are ⅛-¾" (5-20 mm) long.

Flowers: Inconspicuous, whitish to greenish yellow, ⅛" (5 mm) in size, on thin peduncles (stalks) ⅞" (2.5 cm) or more in length. Each flower has 4-5 petals narrow, often bent, petals. Male flowers have yellow-tipped stamens between the petals. Female flowers have shorter sterile stamens and a large green urn-like ovary in the center, with a yellowish stigma atop.

Fruits: Round red drupes ⅛-¼" (6-7 mm) in diameter, with 3-5 pits. The surface is dull, not shiny.

Online References:

Ilex mucronata at Minnesota Wildflowers

Ilex mucronata on Wikipedia

Ilex mucronata at Ontario Trees & Shrubs

Ilex mucronata on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site

Ilex mucronata at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Ilex mucronata (Mountain Holly, Swamp Holly, Catberry)

9/20/2009 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 14 × 9" (35 × 23 cm)

Ilex mucronata description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 12 Jul 2017.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Ilex mucronata (Mountain Holly, Swamp Holly, Catberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 12 × 8" (31 × 20 cm)

Ilex mucronata (Mountain Holly, Swamp Holly, Catberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 15 × 10" (39 × 26 cm)

Ilex mucronata (Mountain Holly, Swamp Holly, Catberry)

8/8/2015 · Mt. Wachusett
≈ 31 × 21" (79 × 53 cm)

Ilex mucronata (Mountain Holly, Swamp Holly, Catberry)

8/8/2015 · Mt. Wachusett
≈ 7 × 4½" (18 × 12 cm)

Range: Zones 4-6:

About this map...