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Justicia brandegeana

 

Red Shrimp, False Hop, Shrimp Bush

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyAcanthaceaeAcanthus family, of tropical herbs and shrubs
GenusJusticiaNamed for James Justice, a Scottish horticulturist
SpeciesbrandegeanaFor western American botanist Townsend Stith Brandegee

About plant names...

Shrimp plant is native to Mexico. It has become naturalized on the Florida penninsula. Many cultivars are available.

Identification: Shrimp plants are 3-5' (1-1.5 m) tall and up to 3' (1 m) wide. Leaves are oval, 1-3" (3-7.5 cm) long. Stems and leaves are downy. Branches are topped by red “flowers” that are really bracts—modified leaves. These have a shape and texture suggestive of shrimp, hence the common name. They are about 6" (15 cm) long and initially white, becoming rusty red, pinkish red, pale pink, deep salmon, orange(-ish), pink-bronze, or brownish red—accounts obviously vary. (Cultivars appear in other colors as well.) The bracts grow in segments like sections of shrimp shells, sometimes reaching as much as a foot in length. The real flowers are white, tubular, with throats containing deep red speckles. They are fairly inconspicuous.

Online References:

Justicia brandegeana on Wikipedia

Justicia brandegeana on www.rubythroat.org

Justicia brandegeana on FLORIDATA

Justicia brandegeana at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Justicia brandegeana on Desert-tropicals.com

Justicia brandegeana description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 3 Nov 2013.

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Justicia brandegeana (Red Shrimp, False Hop, Shrimp Bush)

4/6/2011 · Howard Peters Rawlings Conservatory & Botanic Gardens, Druid Hill Park, Baltimore, MD
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 11 cm)

Justicia brandegeana (Red Shrimp, False Hop, Shrimp Bush)

4/6/2011 · Howard Peters Rawlings Conservatory & Botanic Gardens, Druid Hill Park, Baltimore, MD
≈ 14 × 9" (35 × 23 cm)

Range: Zones 9-11:

About this map...