Justicia californica (Benth.) D. Gibson
Beloperone californica Benth.
Chuparosa, Beloperone, Hummingbird Bush
Chuparosa, Spanish for “hummingbird,” is native to desert regions in North America.
Identification: Chuparosa is found in the Sonoran deserts between elevations of 1000' (304 m) and 2500' (762 m). It is a rounded shrub up to 6' (1.8 m) high and about twice as wide, with numerous gray-green branches. It drops its leaves during some seasons, but if they are present, they are grayish green, with smooth edges and soft hairs, ¼-1" (6.3-25 mm) long. Leaves may be rounded, triangular, or egg-shaped. It forms clusters of tubular scarlet or red-orange flowers, 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) long, intermittently all year. (Rarely, flowers are yellow.) Each flower has a lower petal that curls downward and back somewhat, and a yellow-orange interior. The flowers are usually oriented horizontally, perfect for the hummingbirds they attract.
Justicia californica at the Anza-Borrego Desert Natural History Association
Justicia californica as Compiled by the Master Gardeners of the University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension
Justicia californica on CalPhotos
Justicia californica at Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and the Plants of the Sonoran Desert
Justicia californica on Desert-tropicals.com
Justicia californica on Desert Connections
Justicia californica at the Sonoran Desert Naturalist
Justicia californica at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Justicia californica on Keir Morse's site, Keirosity.com
Justicia californica from the Jepson Manual
Justicia californica description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.
Range: Zones 8b-10: