Lilium philadelphicum L.
Wood lily, prairie lily
Wood lily is a North American native plant, once widespread, now declining due to habitat loss and increasing white-tailed deer, who savor it. They prefer moist, well-drained sandy or loamy soils, and full sun or partial shade.
Plants: Plants are 20-47" (50-120 cm) tall × 9-12" (22-30 cm) wide. They have waxy green stems. Bulbs are ⅝-1" (1.6-2.9 cm) × ¾-1¾" (2.2-4.7 cm).
Leaves: Elliptical, 1-4" (2.9-10 cm) long × ½-1" (1.3-2.5 cm) wide, with pointed tips. They are alternate, smooth-edged and hairless, arranged in a whorl of 3-11 leaves near the top.
Flowers: Stunningly beautiful flowers are bright orange, sometimes pink to red or yellow. Flower petals are 1¾-3" (4.5-7.7 cm) long. One to three, or rarely up to five flowers top each stem. Flowers are spotted with dark maroon-colored spots, and do not have an odor. They are trumpet-shaped, and upward-facing. Each flower has three petals and three nearly identical sepals, so it appears to have six petals. Flowers appear from late April to early June.
Fruits: Erect capsules are ¾-3" (2-8 cm) long and ⅜-⅝" (1-1.8 cm) wide.
Edibility: Not edible. Toxic to cats.
Lilium philadelphicum on georgiabiodiversity.org
Lilium philadelphicum on gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org
Lilium philadelphicum at Minnesota Wildflowers
Lilium philadelphicum on beta.floranorthamerica.org
Lilium philadelphicum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 Aug 2021.