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Magnolia fraseri

Magnolia fraseri Walter

 

Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassMagnoliidaeIncludes magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, and many others
OrderMagnolialesIncludes the custard apple family, magnolia family, nutmeg family, and others
FamilyMagnoliaceaeMagnolia family
GenusMagnoliaNamed for French botanist Pierre Magnol
Speciesfraseri

About plant names...

The large leaves of this tree, radiating in a whorl from a leaf tip, are shaped so they just overlap each other, creating the “umbrellas.” They also have “ear lobes” at the base. Fraser magnolias are native to the southeastern United States.

Identification: Trees reach 46' (14 m) (max 73' (22 m)), often with multiple trunks or low branches. Trunks are up to 24" (60 cm) in diameter. Bark is fairly smooth and gray, covered with small wartlike lenticels. Leaves are 6-10" (15-25 cm) long × 3-7" (8-18 cm) wide (max about double that), with smooth edges, green above, bluish green below, and unusually shaped. Flowers are 6-10" (16-25 cm) in diameter, composed of nine spoon-like tepals, cream-colored. The flowers are said to smell like a “wet goat.” In the center of each flower is a woody, cone-shaped fruit, 2½-4½" (6.5-12 cm) long. The cone tips produce red fruits.

Magnolia fraseri (Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia)

From the USDA Plants Database, Britton, Nathaniel Lord, and Brown, Addison, An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions, 1913, p. Vol. 2: 81.

Magnolia fraseri (Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia)

From Curtis’s Botanical Magazine; or flower garden displayed. London, 1809, volume 30 (plate 1206). Hand-coloured engraving by Francis Sansom after Sydenham Teast Edwards.

Magnolia fraseri (Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia)

Probably Magnolia fraseri fruit. By Steven J. Baskauf, Ph.D. at Vanderbilt University.

Online References:

Magnolia fraseri on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook

Magnolia fraseri on Wikipedia

Magnolia fraseri at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site

Magnolia fraseri at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation

Magnolia fraseri on the University of British Columbia Botanical Garden & Centre for Plant Research forums

Magnolia fraseri at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site

Magnolia fraseri at Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum (PDF)

Magnolia fraseri description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Magnolia fraseri (Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia)

9/14/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 15 × 10" (39 × 26 cm)

Magnolia fraseri (Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia)

9/14/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 21 × 14" (52 × 34 cm)

Magnolia fraseri (Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia)

5/14/2016 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA

Magnolia fraseri (Ear-leaved Umbrella Tree, Fraser Magnolia)

9/14/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 24 × 16" (62 × 41 cm)

Range:

About this map...