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Mimulus cardinalis

Mimulus cardinalis Douglas ex Benth.

Diplacus cardinalis (Douglas ex Benth.) Groenl.

Erythranthe cardinalis (Douglas ex Benth.) Spach

Mimulus cardinalis Douglas ex Benth. var. exsul Greene

Mimulus cardinalis Douglas ex Benth. var. griseus Greene

Mimulus cardinalis Douglas ex Benth. var. rigens Greene

Mimulus cardinalis Douglas ex Benth. var. verbenaceus (Greene) Kearney & Peebles

Mimulus verbenaceus Greene

Cardinal Monkeyflower, Scarlet Monkeyflower

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyPhrymaceaeLopseed family
GenusMimulusFrom Greek mimō, “ape” (from the shape of the corolla); historically the genus was “Scrophulariaceae”
SpeciescardinalisRed, possibly referring to the color of the garb worn by cardinals

About plant names...

Occurs almost always under natural conditions in wetlands. It is a favorite of hummingbirds.

Plants: Up to 3' (91 cm) around, with erect, loosely branched stems covered with long delicate hairs.

Leaves: Pale green, toothed, hairy, obovate, and connate at the base.

Flowers: Single red- to red-orange flowers grow from leaf axils, appearing from Jul-Sep. (Rarely, flowers are yellow.) Flowers are tubular, about 1" (2.5 cm) long, with a yellow, projecting stamen. They have a narrow upper lip and wider, 3-lobed lower lip that bends back underneath the flower.

Online References:

Mimulus cardinalis on www.ventanawild.org

Mimulus cardinalis at Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and the Plants of the Sonoran Desert

Mimulus cardinalis at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Mimulus cardinalis on DesertUSA: Exploring the Southwest

Mimulus cardinalis (Cardinal Monkeyflower, Scarlet Monkeyflower)

6/2/2009 · Zion National Park, UT
≈ 3 × 2' (99 × 66 cm)

Mimulus cardinalis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 21 Jun 2017.

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Mimulus cardinalis (Cardinal Monkeyflower, Scarlet Monkeyflower)

5/23/2009 · West Fork of Oak Creek Trail, AZ
≈ 12 × 17" (29 × 44 cm)

Mimulus cardinalis (Cardinal Monkeyflower, Scarlet Monkeyflower)

6/2/2009 · Zion National Park, UT
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Mimulus cardinalis (Cardinal Monkeyflower, Scarlet Monkeyflower)

6/2/2009 · Zion National Park, UT
≈ 4 × 2½" (10 × 7 cm)

Mimulus cardinalis (Cardinal Monkeyflower, Scarlet Monkeyflower)

5/23/2009 · West Fork of Oak Creek Trail, AZ
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 25 cm)

Range:

About this map...