FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Monarda didyma

Monarda didyma L.

 

Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyLamiaceaeMint family
GenusMonardaBee balms or bergamots
Speciesdidyma

About plant names...

Scarlet beebalm is native to eastern North America. The common name bergamot stems from the plant’s odor, which resembles that of bergamot orange. (The bergamot flavoring used in Earl Grey Tea comes from the bergamot orange.)

Identification: These members of the mint family sport the kinds of flowers I expect to find in exotic tropical plants, not in New England. They are brilliant red, a disk of individual 1-1½" (3-4 cm) tube-shaped flowers pointing outward from the center, a perfect hummingbird feeding station. (Cultivars also appear in rose, pink, violet, and white.) Flowering is from July to August. Plants are up to 28-59" (70-150 cm) high, with square stems. Leaves are opposite, oval, dark green with reddish leaf veins, 2-6" (6-15 cm) × 1-3" (3-8 cm).

Online References:

Monarda didyma on Missouriplants.com

Monarda didyma at Illinois Wildflowers

Monarda didyma at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site

Monarda didyma at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Monarda didyma on Wikipedia

Monarda didyma on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Monarda didyma on FLORIDATA

Monarda didyma on Botanical.com

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/6/2013 · Mike and Ellen’s, Shohola, PA
≈ 7 × 4½" (16 × 11 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/10/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 14 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/24/2010 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA
≈ 9 × 14" (23 × 35 cm) ID is uncertain

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/6/2013 · Mike and Ellen’s, Shohola, PA
≈ 10 × 7" (25 × 16 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

A cultivar. · 7/14/2012 · Gordon and Kathy’s, Prospect, ME
≈ 5 × 4½" (12 × 11 cm) ID is uncertain

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/6/2013 · Mike and Ellen’s, Shohola, PA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 15 cm)

Monarda didyma description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 30 Sep 2015.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/10/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 6 × 8" (14 × 20 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/24/2010 · Acton Arboretum, Acton, MA
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm) ID is uncertain

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/10/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/23/2015 · Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 14 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/6/2013 · Mike and Ellen’s, Shohola, PA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 16 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

A cultivar. · 7/14/2012 · Gordon and Kathy’s, Prospect, ME
≈ 5 × 7" (13 × 18 cm) ID is uncertain

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/23/2015 · Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 14 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/6/2013 · Mike and Ellen’s, Shohola, PA
≈ 7 × 4½" (18 × 12 cm)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Crimson Beebalm)

7/10/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 16 cm)

Range: Zones 4-9:

About this map...