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Monotropa hypopithys

Monotropa hypopithys L.

Hypopitys americana (DC.) Small

Hypopitys fimbriata (A. Gray) Howell

Hypopitys insignata E.P. Bicknell

Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Nutt.

Hypopitys latisquama Rydb.

Hypopitys monotropa Crantz

Monotropa hypopithys L. ssp. lanuginosa (Michx.) H. Hara

Monotropa hypopithys L. var. americana (DC.) Domin

Monotropa hypopithys L. var. latisquama (Rydb.) Kearney & Peebles

Monotropa hypopithys L. var. rubra (Torr.) Farw.

Monotropa lanuginosa Michx.

Monotropa latisquama (Rydb.) Hultén

Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderEricalesTea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, azalea, many others
FamilyMonotropaceaeMonotropa family, which lack chlorophyll and get nutrition from parasitizing fungi
GenusMonotropaFrom Greek monos, “one,” and tropos, “direction,” since flowers always turn to the same side or, according to another source, referring to the sharp curve in the stem
Specieshypopithys“Under pines”

About plant names...

Pinesap is a North American native. How does a pale cream-colored (reddish or brown in the fall) plant get its energy? It isn’t green (or purple), so it cannot perform photosynthesis. Instead, it saphrophytic—it obtains energy from decaying plant matter and from mycelia, the underground rootlike network of fungi. It is found on shaded forest floors where its ability to thrive without light gives it an advantage. These are called pinesap because they favor the acid soil of pine forest floors.

Identification: Plants reach 4-12" (10-30 cm) in height, unfolding like fiddleheads from the ground. Flowers are cream-colored, about ¼-½" (6.3-12 mm) in size, bell shaped, in clusters of about a dozen, atop a pale leafless stem. Actually there are alternate leaves, but they are small (about ¼" (6.3 mm)), closely attached to the stem, and triangular in shape. In the fall, plants may be tinged with bright red. Flowers appear in June-October.

Online References:

Monotropa hypopithys on Missouriplants.com

Monotropa hypopithys at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Monotropa hypopithys on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Monotropa hypopithys on Wikipedia

Monotropa hypopithys on Turner Photographics' Wildflowers site

Monotropa hypopithys on Calflora

Monotropa hypopithys at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

References:

Clemants, Steven; Gracie, Carol, Wildflowers in the Field and Forest, Oxford University Press, 2006, p. 230

Monotropa hypopithys (Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest)

7/25/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 3 × 3" (7.5 × 8 cm)

Monotropa hypopithys (Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest)

7/30/2015 · Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, MA
≈ 3½ × 6" (9.7 × 14 cm)

Monotropa hypopithys description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 9 Oct 2017.

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Monotropa hypopithys (Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest)

7/25/2013 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 5 × 6" (13 × 14 cm)

Monotropa hypopithys (Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest)

7/30/2015 · Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, MA
≈ 5 × 8" (13 × 20 cm)

Monotropa hypopithys (Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest)

8/14/2017 · Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Old Long Loop, Hollis, NH
≈ 2½ × 4½" (6.7 × 11 cm)

Monotropa hypopithys (Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest)

7/30/2017 · Jason”s Cutoff and Nearby Trails, Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Hollis, NH
≈ 2 × 2½" (5.3 × 6.3 cm)

Monotropa hypopithys (Pinesap, Dutchman’s Pipe, Yellow Bird’s-nest)

8/14/2017 · Beaver Brook Conservation Area, Old Long Loop, Hollis, NH
≈ 2½ × 4" (6.8 × 10 cm)

Range:

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