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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch.

Ampelopsis hederacea (Ehrh.) DC. var. murorum Focke

Ampelopsis latifolia Tausch

Ampelopsis quinquefolia (L.) Michx.

Hedera quinquefolia L.

Parthenocissus hirsuta (Pursh) Graebn.

Parthenocissus inserta (Kern.) Fritsch

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. hirsuta (Pursh) Planch.

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. murorum (Focke) Rehder

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. var. saintpaulii (Koehne ex Graebn.) Rehder

Psedera quinquefolia (L.) Greene

Psedera quinquefolia (L.) Greene var. murorum (Focke) Rehder

Vitis inserta Kern.

Vitis quinquefolia (L.) Lam.

Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderRhamnalesBuckthorns, oleasters, grapes, others
FamilyVitaceaeGrape family
GenusParthenocissusWikipedia: From Greek parthenos, “virgin”, and kissos (Latinized as “cissus”), “ivy;” either because they can form seeds without pollination, or from the English name “Virginia creeper”
Speciesquinquefolia“Five-leaved”

About plant names...

Virginia creeper is a North American native.

Identification: These woody vines grow aggressively, moving horizontally across surfaces, or vertically to heights of 40' (12 m). Leaf clusters usually have five leaves, sometimes 3 or 7, with coarsely serrated edges, turning a beautiful shade of red in the fall. Leaves are 3-7" (7.6-17 cm) long and ¾-2" (1.9-5 cm) wide. Flowers are greenish-white, and inconspicuous. Berries are purplish black, but look as if they have been dipped in powdered sugar, so they appear lighter and powdery. Each berry is about ¼" (6.3 mm) in diameter. They are borne on short stalks that may be dull or brilliant red.

Poison ivy, another climbing vine, is occasionally confused with Virginia creeper. But poison ivy has leaves in groups of three, while Virginia creeper’s leaf clusters usually include five leaves. Don’t confuse them, because poison ivy causes a miserable rash.

Edibility: Poisonous Skull & Crossbones The bitter-tasting berries contain enough oxalic acid to be poisonous to people, though some birds eat them. The rest of the plant is neither harmful nor edible. Handling the plant may trigger an allergic response.

Online References:

Parthenocissus quinquefolia on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook

Parthenocissus quinquefolia at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Parthenocissus quinquefolia on FLORIDATA

Parthenocissus quinquefolia on the Image Archive of Central Texas Plants

Parthenocissus quinquefolia on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

2/26/2005 · By Linda K. Phipps

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

6/8/2012 · Squanacook River Wildlife Area, Townsend, MA
≈ 6 × 4½" (15 × 11 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

9/29/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 14 × 9" (35 × 23 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

8/26/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

10/4/2008 · Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, Plum Island, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

9/24/2013 · Squanacook River Wildlife Area, Townsend, MA
≈ 31 × 40" (79 × 102 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

8/4/2009 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, MA
≈ 3 × 2' (1 × 0.7 m)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 22 Apr 2015.

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Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

10/4/2008 · Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, Plum Island, MA
≈ 23 × 15" (58 × 39 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

8/4/2009 · Near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 3½ × 2½' (1.2 × 0.8 m)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

5/7/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 15 × 10" (39 × 26 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

10/4/2008 · Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, Plum Island, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

9/19/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Hollis, NH
≈ 4½ × 7" (11 × 17 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

9/14/2009 · Near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 15 × 10" (39 × 26 cm) ID is uncertain

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

4/13/2015 · West Lake Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 21 × 31" (53 × 79 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

11/6/2011 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 3½ × 2½" (9.3 × 6.2 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

5/7/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 12 × 9" (29 × 22 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

8/27/2014 · Rio Grande Nature Center, Albuquerque, NM
≈ 8 × 6" (20 × 16 cm)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper, Virginia-creeper)

On a strangler fig tree. · 4/14/2015 · Anhinga Trail, Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 27 × 40" (67 × 101 cm)

Range: Zones 3-9:

About this map...