Pinus lambertiana Douglas
Sugar pines are natives of western North America. They live up to 800 years. The name ”sugar pine” derives from the sweet smell of freshly cut wood; the sap can be extracted to make a sweet that is said to compete with maple sugar.
Identification: Trees reach 98-164' (30-50 m) tall, with a maximum of 246' (75 m). The trunk is 35-71" (90-180 cm) in diameter, up to a maximum of 11' (3.3 m). The crown is a tall, narrow cone, becoming more rounded with age. Bark is red- to gray-brown. Needles occur in groups of five, each 1¾-4" (5-10 cm) × ¹/₃₂" (1.5 mm). They are straight, pliable, and blue-green in color. The immature cones are up to 12" (30 cm) long × 1¼" (3.2 cm) around, tightly packed and almost smooth, purplish. Mature cones expand to up to 14" (35 cm) in length—longer than those of any other conifer.
For further information, see the Pinus comparison tables.
Pinus lambertiana on The Gymnosperm Database
Pinus lambertiana on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database
Pinus lambertiana on Wikipedia
Pinus lambertiana at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site
Pinus lambertiana on CalPhotos
Pinus lambertiana on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
Pinus lambertiana at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Pinus lambertiana on eFloras
Pinus lambertiana description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.
Range: Zones 5-10: