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Platanthera psycodes

Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl.

Blephariglotis psycodes (L.) Rydb.

Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng.

Small Purple Fringed Orchid

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassLiliidaeIncludes lilies, orchids, and many others
OrderAsparagalesA diverse group that includes asparagus
FamilyOrchidaceaeOrchid family
GenusPlatantheraFrom Greek for “wide” and “flower,” hence “wide or flat-anthered”
Speciespsycodes“Like a butterfly”

About plant names...

These attractive orchids are North American natives.

Identification: Plants are 8-39" (20-100 cm) tall, with a single, hairless stem. Leaves at the base are oval (elliptic), or sometimes oval but wider at the end opposite the stem (obovate). Further up the stem, the leaves become much smaller and narrower. The leaves are alternate, have pointed tips, and parallel veins. A cone-shaped inflorescence up to 10" (25 cm) long tops the stem, containing 20-50 lovely flowers. Flowers are lilac-colored, sometimes more reddish, rarely white; about ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) around, with dainty fringes (fine teeth). They appear from July to August.

Lesser purple fringed orchid has a bigger brother, unsurprisingly called greater purple fringed orchid, Platanthera grandiflora. It has larger flowers, with lip petals at least ½" (1.4 cm) wide. Fruits are narrow, three-ribbed capsules on short stalks.

Online References:

Platanthera psycodes at the Orchids of Wisconsin

Platanthera psycodes at Minnesota Wildflowers

Platanthera psycodes at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Platanthera psycodes on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Platanthera psycodes on eFloras

References:

Clemants, Steven; Gracie, Carol, Wildflowers in the Field and Forest, Oxford University Press, 2006, p. 36

Platanthera psycodes (Small Purple Fringed Orchid)

7/19/2012 · Cow Lane, Beaver Brook Association Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 3½ × 5" (9.2 × 13 cm) ID is uncertain

Platanthera psycodes (Small Purple Fringed Orchid)

7/19/2012 · Cow Lane, Beaver Brook Association Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 6 × 9" (14 × 22 cm) ID is uncertain

Platanthera psycodes description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Platanthera psycodes (Small Purple Fringed Orchid)

7/19/2012 · Cow Lane, Beaver Brook Association Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 5 × 8" (13 × 19 cm) ID is uncertain

Platanthera psycodes (Small Purple Fringed Orchid)

7/19/2012 · Cow Lane, Beaver Brook Association Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 9 × 12" (23 × 29 cm) ID is uncertain

Platanthera psycodes (Small Purple Fringed Orchid)

7/19/2012 · Cow Lane, Beaver Brook Association Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 4 × 6" (10 × 15 cm) ID is uncertain

Platanthera psycodes (Small Purple Fringed Orchid)

7/19/2012 · Cow Lane, Beaver Brook Association Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Hollis, NH
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...