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Quercus ilicifolia

Quercus ilicifolia Wangenh.

 

Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderFagalesBirch, she-oak, beech, walnut, bayberry, others
FamilyFagaceaeBeech familhy
GenusQuercusLatin for “oak”
Speciesilicifolia“Having leaves like a holly (genus Ilex)”

About plant names...

Bear oaks are natives of eastern North America.

Identification: These oaks are generally found as shrubs less than 15' (4.6 m) high, with a maximum height of 18' (5.5 m). The leaves look significantly different from those of most other oaks that occur in the same range. They are 2-5" (5-12 cm) long. Acorns are ¼-½" (8.4-12 mm) long, dark brown, with the cap covering about a third of the nut. See the Quercus comparison table.

Online References:

Quercus ilicifolia on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook

Quercus ilicifolia on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Quercus ilicifolia at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation

Quercus ilicifolia on PlantSystematics.org

Quercus ilicifolia at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden

Quercus ilicifolia on eFloras

References:

Sibley, David Allen, The Sibley Guide to Trees, Alfred A. Knopf, 2009, p. 192

Quercus ilicifolia description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Quercus ilicifolia (Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak)

8/7/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 6 × 3½" (14 × 9.4 cm)

Quercus ilicifolia (Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak)

Young acorns. · 6/4/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 4 × 4" (10 × 10 cm) ID is uncertain

Quercus ilicifolia (Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak)

6/4/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm) ID is uncertain

Quercus ilicifolia (Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak)

5/29/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Pepperell, MA
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm) ID is uncertain

Quercus ilicifolia (Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak)

9/5/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, near Nashoba Hospital, Ayer, MA
≈ 4 × 3½" (10 × 9.5 cm)

Quercus ilicifolia (Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak)

5/29/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Pepperell, MA
≈ 12 × 8" (31 × 20 cm) ID is uncertain

Quercus ilicifolia (Bear Oak, Black Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turkey Oak)

6/4/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...