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Rhus integrifolia

Rhus integrifolia (Nutt.) W.H. Brewer & S. Watson

 

Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderSapindalesIncludes citrus; maples, horse-chestnuts, lychees and rambutans; mangos and cashews; frankincense and myrrh; mahogany and neem
FamilyAnacardiaceaeCashew or sumac family
GenusRhusFrom Greek rhous, ancient name for sumac
SpeciesintegrifoliaIndicates that the leaf margins are entire, uncut, not toothed

About plant names...

Lemonadeberry is native to southern California and the northern part of the Baja peninsula. It prefers well-drained chaparral, below elevations of 2953' (900 m).

Plants: A shrub or small tree 3-26' (1-8 m) tall, with a sprawling habit. Inland, they often become trees, but closer to the coast, they often remain low, spreading sideways up to 30' (9.1 m), forming impenetrable thickets.

Leaves: Simple, evergeen, leathery, finely toothed, 1¾-2½" (5-7 cm) × ¾-1½" (2-4 cm). Leaves have a waxy shine above, and are more pale below. They remind me a little of holly leaves.

Flowers: Dense clusters of small, sticky, white to pink flowers. They appear from February to May.

Fruits: Berries are dark red and sticky, up to ⅜" (1 cm) in diameter, and oddly misshapen.

Edibility: Fruits are edible raw or cooked, exuding a sour, lemony flavor. Berry clusters are soaked for 10-30 minutes in hot or cold water to make a drink reminiscent of lemonade. Boiling ruins the flavor, releasing excessive tannins.

Online References:

Rhus integrifolia on CalPhotos

Rhus integrifolia on calscape.org

Rhus integrifolia at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Rhus integrifolia on Wikipedia

Rhus integrifolia on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac)

2/26/2010 · Torrey Pines State Park, La Jolla, CA
≈ 3½ × 2' (1 × 0.7 m)

Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac)

2/26/2010 · Torrey Pines State Park, La Jolla, CA
≈ 10 × 8" (24 × 19 cm)

Rhus integrifolia description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 7 Jul 2017.

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Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac)

2/24/2010 · Batiquitos Lagoon, Carlsbad, CA
≈ 21 × 14" (54 × 36 cm)

Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac)

2/26/2010 · Torrey Pines State Park, La Jolla, CA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac)

2/24/2010 · Batiquitos Lagoon, Carlsbad, CA
≈ 8 × 12" (21 × 31 cm)

Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac)

2/24/2010 · Batiquitos Lagoon, Carlsbad, CA
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Berry, Lemonade Sumac)

2/24/2010 · Batiquitos Lagoon, Carlsbad, CA
≈ 7 × 9" (18 × 23 cm)

Range:

About this map...