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Ruellia caroliniensis

Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F. Gmel.) Steud.

 

Carolina Wild Petunia, Thickleaf Wild Petunia

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyAcanthaceaeAcanthus family, of tropical herbs and shrubs
GenusRuelliaNamed for physician and botanist Jean Ruel, whose translation of Dioscorides, Materia medica, written in 65 AD, became the basis for modern pharmaceutical and herbal writing
SpeciescaroliniensisOf or from Carolina

About plant names...

Carolina wild petunia is a North American native found in the southeastern United States. It prefers sandy uplands, flatwoods, hammocks, and open woods. Although these flowers resemble petunias, they aren’t related to petunias at all. They can also be confused with Mexican petunias, a larger and very aggressive invasive species.

Plants: 12-30" (30-76 cm) high, and 9-24" (22-60 cm) around.

Leaves: Dense opposite, oval or ovate leaves.

Flowers: Purple or lavender, with a slender corolla (throat) and five overlapping petals. The throat is very deep, about the same as the flower’s diameter. They appear from late spring to early fall.

Fruits: Oval seed capsules, each with about 5 seeds, form at the bases of the flowers, turning brown before exploding to release the seeds.

Online References:

Ruellia caroliniensis on www.fnps.org (PDF)

Ruellia caroliniensis on hawthornhillwildflowers.blogspot.com

Ruellia caroliniensis at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Ruellia caroliniensis (Carolina Wild Petunia, Thickleaf Wild Petunia)

4/14/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 6 × 7" (15 × 18 cm)

Ruellia caroliniensis (Carolina Wild Petunia, Thickleaf Wild Petunia)

4/14/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 6 × 4½" (14 × 12 cm)

Ruellia caroliniensis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 23 Jul 2019.

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Ruellia caroliniensis (Carolina Wild Petunia, Thickleaf Wild Petunia)

4/14/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 8 × 7" (20 × 17 cm)

Ruellia caroliniensis (Carolina Wild Petunia, Thickleaf Wild Petunia)

4/14/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 6 × 6" (14 × 15 cm)

Ruellia caroliniensis (Carolina Wild Petunia, Thickleaf Wild Petunia)

4/14/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 8 × 7" (19 × 18 cm)

Ruellia caroliniensis (Carolina Wild Petunia, Thickleaf Wild Petunia)

4/14/2015 · Everglades National Park, FL
≈ 7 × 5" (17 × 13 cm)

Range: Zones 5b-10b:

About this map...