FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Sanicula canadensis

Sanicula canadensis L.

 

Canadian Black Snakeroot

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderApialesIncludes carrots, celery, parsley, and ivy
FamilyApiaceaeCarrot or parsley family, also includes angelica, anise, caraway, celery, chervil, cicely, coriander/cilantro, cumin, dill, fennel, hemlock, lovage, Queen Anne’s Lace, parsnip
GenusSaniculaFrom Latin sanare, “to heal”
Speciescanadensis“From Canada”

About plant names...

Canadian black snakeroot is a native North American plant.

Identification: Plants are 12-24" (30-60 cm) high. Stems are light green, sometimes furrowed. Leaves often occur in groups of three, and are less than 3" (7.6 cm) long. Flowers are in small clusters, greenish-white, not especially interesting. Seed pods, about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter, have hooked, Velcro-like bristles.

Don’t confuse black snakeroot with the unrelated plant, Canadian black snakeroot. Both of these plants are found in eastern Canada and the eastern United States.

 

Sanicula canadensis (Canadian Black Snakeroot)

7/27/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 2½" (10 × 7 cm) ID is uncertain

Sanicula canadensis (Canadian Black Snakeroot)

7/27/2009 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 11 × 17" (28 × 42 cm) ID is uncertain

 
Actaea racemosa

Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
You are here
Sanicula canadensis
Common Name

Black Snakeroot

Black Cohosh

Canadian Black Snakeroot
Plant Plants reach 10-24" (25-60 cm). Plants are 3-6' (91-182 cm) tall, rarely to 9' (2.7 m); and fast-growing. Plants are 12-24" (30-60 cm) high. Stems are light green, sometimes furrowed.
Flowers White flowers form on tall stalks up to 8' (2.5 m) in height, with the flowering portions up to 20" (50 cm) tall.

Long, attractive, feathery-looking spikes 6-24" (15-60 cm) long. Individual flowers have 4-5 sepals and are about ⅜" (9.5 mm) in diameter. Small clusters, greenish-white, not especially interesting.
Leaves Leaves often occur in groups of three, on thin stems, and are saw-toothed. Toothed, irregular in shape, in roughly triangular clusters tipped by a larger three-lobed leaflets. Leaflets are 1-4" (3-10 cm) long. In groups of three, and are less than 3" (7.6 cm) long.
Fruit Black or dark brown seeds. Fruits are ⅛-¼" (6-9 mm) long, thick, and leathery. Seed pods are about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter, and resemble burrs, with small hooks.
Range/ Zones

Habitats Rich soils in moist woods, ravines Rich, moist deciduous woods Rich woods, open rocky woods, thickets
Type Wild Wild Wild
Occurrence Common Endangered in IL and MA Common

 

Online References:

Sanicula canadensis on Missouriplants.com

Sanicula canadensis at Illinois Wildflowers

Sanicula canadensis on Discover Life

Sanicula canadensis at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site

Sanicula canadensis at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Sanicula canadensis on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Sanicula canadensis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Range:

About this map...