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Simarouba glauca

Simarouba glauca DC.

 

Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderSapindalesIncludes citrus; maples, horse-chestnuts, lychees and rambutans; mangos and cashews; frankincense and myrrh; mahogany and neem
FamilySimaroubaceaeA small mostly tropical family including Quassia, Simarouba, and Ailanthus
GenusSimaroubaFrom New Latin, from Carib simaruba, “bitter” plus “wood”
SpeciesglaucaGlaucous, from the Greek meaning “bluish-gray,” referring primarily to the leaves, and specifically to “bloom,” the fine, whitish powder that coats the leaves of certain plants

About plant names...

Paradise tree is native to Florida, South America, and the Lesser Antilles, growing at elevations below 3281' (1 km).

Plants: These evergreen trees reach up to 50' (15 m) in height, and 30' (9.1 m) around. The trunk is up to 30' (9 m) tall and 16-20" (40-50 cm) around. Outer bark is gray, with fine cracks; inner bark is creamy. Roots are shallow, partly above ground.

Leaves: Leaves are up to 16" (40 cm) long, divided into 3-21 leaflets (pinnately compound). Leaflets are shiny, leathery, 2-4" (5-10 cm) long, and oblong.

Flowers: Flowers are yellowish, but tiny and inconspicuous.

Fruits: Fruits are dark purple, 1" (2.5 cm) long, and edible.

Edibility: Seeds can be processed to produce an edible oil. Fruits are edible.

Medical: Bark from this tree has been used successfully in the past to treat malaria and dysentery, and in many areas in the South American rainforest, it still is. The tree has a long history as a source of herbal medicine, and is the target of much study.

Online References:

Simarouba glauca at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Simarouba glauca on www.rain-tree.com

Simarouba glauca on www.jpsr.pharmainfo.in (A Critical Review on Medicinally Important Oil Yielding Plant Laxmitaru (Simarouba glauca DC.))

Simarouba glauca on sites.google.com

Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL

Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL

Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL
≈ 19 × 12" (47 × 31 cm)

Simarouba glauca description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 7 Jul 2017.

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Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL
≈ 15 × 10" (37 × 25 cm)

Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL

Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL
≈ 19 × 12" (47 × 31 cm)

Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL

Simarouba glauca (Paradise Tree, Dysentery-bark, Bitterwood)

4/14/2015 · Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park, Key Largo, FL

Range: Zones 10b-11:

About this map...