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Solidago juncea

Solidago juncea Aiton

Solidago juncea Aiton var. neobohemica Fernald

Solidago juncea Aiton var. ramosa Porter & Britton

Early Goldenrod

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderAsteralesFlowering plants with a central disk flower and surrounding petals, like daisies
FamilyAsteraceaeThe aster family, which also includes daisies and sunflowers; from the Greek ἀστήρ, “star,” for the star-shaped flowers
GenusSolidagoFrom Latin solido, “to make whole or heal,” because it was believed these species had healing properties
Speciesjuncea“Rush-like,” with leafless stems

About plant names...

Early goldenrods are natives of North America. For a comparison chart of some of the varieties of goldenrods, see Solidago.

Identification: Plants are up to 18-48" (45-121 cm) high. The main stem is stiff (the species juncea means “stiff like a rush”), hairless and green or reddish, with small vertical ridges. Leaves at base are sharply serrated, but leaves on the upper half of the stem usually lack serrations. They are alternate, up to 8" (20 cm) × 1½" (3.8 cm) at the base, lance-shaped (“lanceolate”) or ovate or somewhere in between, and hairless or with tiny hairs just along the margins. Leaves have a single prominent vein, rather than the three parallel veins present in some goldenrods. Flowerheads bend to the left and right, branching heavily. They bloom from June to September. Individual flowers are less than ¼" (6.3 mm) around, with 7-12 rays.

Edibility: Not edible.

Online References:

Solidago juncea on Missouriplants.com

Solidago juncea at Illinois Wildflowers

Solidago juncea on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Solidago juncea at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Solidago juncea on eFloras

References:

Newcomb, Lawrence, Morrison, Gordon (Illus.), Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide, Little, Brown and Company, 1977, p. 446

Peterson, Roger Tory, McKenny, Margaret, Peterson Field Guides: A Field Guide to Wildflowers of Northeastern and North Central North America, Houghton Mifflin, 1968, p. 192

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 4½ × 7" (12 × 18 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

7/20/2012 · J. Harry Rich Dirt Road, Groton, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (22 × 14 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

7/20/2012 · J. Harry Rich Dirt Road, Groton, MA
≈ 4½ × 4" (12 × 10 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 5 × 3½" (13 × 9.2 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

7/20/2012 · J. Harry Rich Dirt Road, Groton, MA
≈ 8 × 7" (21 × 18 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 31 × 21" (78 × 52 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 12 cm)

Solidago juncea description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 24 Aug 2013.

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Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 5 × 8" (13 × 19 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 7 × 4½" (18 × 12 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 12 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 5 × 8" (13 × 19 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 6 × 9" (15 × 22 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/11/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 7 × 11" (18 × 27 cm) ID is uncertain

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

8/24/2013 · Cranberry Meadow Pond Trail, Monadnock Conservancy, Peterborough, NH
≈ 6 × 9" (15 × 22 cm)

Solidago juncea (Early Goldenrod)

7/20/2012 · J. Harry Rich Dirt Road, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 6" (10 × 15 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...