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Trifolium hybridum

Trifolium hybridum L.

Trifolium elegans Savi

Trifolium hybridum L. ssp. elegans (Savi) Asch. & Graebn.

Trifolium hybridum L. var. elegans (Savi) Boiss.

Trifolium hybridum L. var. pratense Rabenh.

Alsike Clover

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderFabalesLegumes (pea and bean families)
FamilyFabaceaeLegume family (peas and beans)
GenusTrifolium“Three-leaved,” for the 3-leaf clusters
Specieshybridum“Mixed, hybridized”

About plant names...

Alsike clover is a European native, introduced to North America. Although its scientific name suggests otherwise, it is not a hybrid.

Identification: Plants are 12-24" (30-60 cm) tall, typically somewhat smaller than red clover and larger than white clover. It has multiple hairless, fairly flexible stems. Leaves occur in threes (hence the genus name), each about ¾" (2 cm) long, and attached directly to the petiole (stem) that supports the leaf cluster. The leaves are oval-shaped, with smooth-appearing edges that have tiny teeth on them if you look really closely. There are no chevrons on the leaves as with red clover. Flowers are ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) around, and may be pink on the bottom, grading to white on the top; or pink throughout. The shade of pink is lighter than with red clover.

Here is a comparison among red, white, alsike, and crimson clovers:

 

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

(Also some white clover.) · 5/24/2010 · Eastern Promenade, Portland, ME
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

(Also some White Clover (T. repens)) · 5/24/2010 · Eastern Promenade, Portland, ME
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm) ID is uncertain

 
Trifolium repens
You are here
Trifolium hybridum

Trifolium incarnatum
Common Name

White Clover

Alsike Clover

Crimson Clover
Plant Plant stems are 4-16" (10-40 cm) long, but often lying on their sides, so these clovers are usually close to the ground 12-24" (30-60 cm) tall, typically somewhat smaller than red clover and larger than white clover. It has multiple hairless, fairly flexible stems 20" (50 cm) high.
Flowers On flower stalks 1-4" (2.5-10 cm) long. Flowerheads are ½-1¼" (1.3-3.2 cm) around, rounded, white, sometimes pinkish ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) around, and may be pink on the bottom, grading to white on the top; or pink throughout. The shade of pink is lighter than with red clover Deep red, forming rounded conical flowerheads about 1" (2.5 cm) tall and ⅝" (1.7 cm) around. Flowering occurs during April to May.
Leaves

 

In groups of 3. Leaflets are oval, ½-1¼" (1.3-3.2 cm) long, with a slight indentation at the end. Each leaflet has a pale green “V” close to the base and slightly toothed leaf edges

 

In groups of three, each about ¾" (2 cm) long, and attached directly to the stem that supports the leaf cluster. Leaves are oval-shaped, with smooth-appearing edges that have tiny teeth, and no chevrons
Leaves are round or oval, in groups of three, each roughly at right angles to the others.
Range/ Zones

Habitats Waste ground, pastures, open fields, roadsides, railroads Moist meadows near woodlands, pastures, abandoned fields, and roadsides  
Type Wild Wild Wild
Occurrence Very common Common, but less so than red and white clovers  

 

Online References:

Trifolium hybridum on Missouriplants.com

Trifolium hybridum at Illinois Wildflowers

Trifolium hybridum on www.library.illinois.edu

Trifolium hybridum on the USDA Plants Database

Trifolium hybridum on SEINet—the Southwest Environmental Information Network

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

7/7/2017 · Eastern Promenade, Portland, ME

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

6/22/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 3½ × 3½" (9.3 × 9.8 cm)

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

6/27/2012 · Townsend Wildlife Management Area, Townsend, MA
≈ 4½ × 3" (11 × 7.9 cm)

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

(Also some White Clover (T. repens)) · 5/24/2010 · Eastern Promenade, Portland, ME
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm) ID is uncertain

Trifolium hybridum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 17 Jun 2016.

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Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

6/22/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Ayer, MA
≈ 3 × 2½" (8.3 × 6.2 cm)

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

6/13/2016 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

7/7/2017 · Eastern Promenade, Portland, ME ID is uncertain

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike Clover)

6/1/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 4" (11 × 10 cm) ID is uncertain

Range:

About this map...