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Tussilago farfara

Tussilago farfara L.

 

Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderAsteralesFlowering plants with a central disk flower and surrounding petals, like daisies
FamilyAsteraceaeThe aster family, which also includes daisies and sunflowers; from the Greek ἀστήρ, “star,” for the star-shaped flowers
GenusTussilago“For a cough,” since this was used to cure coughs
SpeciesfarfaraOld Latin name for coltsfoot

About plant names...

Coltsfoot is native to some regions of Europe and Asia. It was introduced to North and South America for its medical properties, and has become naturalized there, an invasive plant in many areas. “Coltsfoot” and many other of the common names are for the shape of the leaves at the base of the plant.

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

Coltsfoot basal leaves.

Identification: Leaves at the base of the plant are heart-shaped, and up to 6" (15 cm) wide. Stems are stiff, lined with small reddish-brown scales, about 3-18" (7.6-45 cm) high. There is a single yellow flower on each stem, about ¾" (1.9 cm) across, composed of many tiny petals, similar to a dandelion. (In ultraviolet light, the outer petals appear white and the inner region red.) The flowers appear in early spring.

Edibility: Flower buds and young flowers are said to add an anise-like (licorice-like) flavor to salads. Young leaves are also edible, provided that they are washed after boiling to remove a bitter taste.[1]. The dried leaves can be used to make a tea, or boiled with sugar to produce cough drops.[2]

Medical: Coltsfoot has been pressed into service for a wide range of ailments. The most consistent use is the treatment of coughs and respiratory problems, often with a candy made from the leaves.

Online References:

Tussilago farfara on North Carolina Wildflowers, Shrubs, & Trees, by Jeff Pippen

Tussilago farfara on Ontario Wildflowers

Tussilago farfara on Invasive.org, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Tussilago farfara on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Tussilago farfara on Wikipedia

Tussilago farfara on CalPhotos

Tussilago farfara on the Ecology of Commanster

Tussilago farfara at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Tussilago farfara on www.tussilago-farfara.com

Tussilago farfara on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Tussilago farfara at 2bnTheWild.com

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

4/28/2014 · Big Bear Mountain, Brookline, NH
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

The leaf underside is almost white. · 7/11/2013 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 7 × 6" (17 × 15 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

4/22/2014 · Beaver Brook Assn Conservation Lands, Rte. 130, Brookline, NH

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

5/2/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 3 × 2½" (7.5 × 7.2 cm)

1See Plants for a Future

2See Peterson, Lee Allen, Peterson Field Guides Edible Wild Plants of Eastern/Central North America, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977, p. 84

Tussilago farfara description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 24 May 2014.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

7/7/2017 · Owl’s Head Transportation Museum Nature Walk, Owl’s Head, ME

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

4/15/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 1¾ × 1¾" (4.8 × 4.9 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

4/27/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Pepperell, MA
≈ 4½ × 3" (11 × 8.5 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

5/4/2012 · Willard Brook State Park, Blue Trail, Ashby, MA
≈ 8 × 6" (19 × 16 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

7/7/2017 · Owl’s Head Transportation Museum Nature Walk, Owl’s Head, ME

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

4/24/2011 · Kevin and Becky’s, Rockland, ME
≈ 5 × 6" (13 × 15 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

4/28/2014 · Big Bear Mountain, Brookline, NH
≈ 5 × 8" (13 × 19 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

5/13/2016 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 4" (10 × 10 cm)

Tussilago farfara (Coltsfoot, Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot, Butterbur, Coughwort, Farfara, Foal’s Foot, Foalswort, Horse Foot, Winter Heliotrope)

4/4/2010 · Owl’s Head Transportation Museum Nature Walk, Owl’s Head, ME
≈ 7 × 6" (18 × 15 cm)

Range:

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