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Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.

 

Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderEricalesTea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, azalea, many others
FamilyEricaceaeHeath or heather family
GenusVacciniumAncient Latin name for billberry
Speciesvitis-idaea“Grape of Mt. Ida,” according to Greek legend

About plant names...

Lingonberry is a Swedish name, though these have numerous other appellations, such as mountain cranberry. “Lingonberry” is considered preferable by many botanists, to help distinguish this species from cranberries.

Identification: Plants are small evergreen shrubs 2-7" (5-17 cm) tall. They keep their leaves all year long despite their preference for cold, often exposed mountain slopes. Leaves are less than ¾" (1.9 cm) long, usually closer to ½" (1.3 cm); dark green and shiny on top. Flowers are white or pink, and bell-shaped, about ¼" (6.3 mm) long. Berries are bright red, ¼-⅜" (6.3-10 mm) in diameter.

This Vaccinium comparision chart also includes a couple of similar-appearing species that are not Vaccinium.

Edibility: Lingonberries are collected in the wild in several areas of Europe. They are tart when fresh, but are cooked and sweetened to create jams, compote, or juice. They have vitamins and minerals, as well as other nutritional benefits.

Online References:

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on Earl J.S. Rook's Flora, Fauna, Earth, and Sky ... The Natural History of the Northwoods

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on Wikipedia

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on BorealForest.org

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Vaccinium vitis-idaea at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Vaccinium vitis-idaea at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation

Vaccinium vitis-idaea in Paghat's Garden

Vaccinium vitis-idaea at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on BorealForest.org

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on the Toolik↔Arctic Geobotanical Atlas

Vaccinium vitis-idaea on eFloras

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/18/2016 · Barred Island Preserve, Deer Isle, ME

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 11 × 8" (26 × 19 cm)

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 7 × 4½" (17 × 11 cm)

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

6/29/2014 · Mount Agamenticus, York, ME
≈ 10 × 7" (25 × 16 cm)

Vaccinium vitis-idaea description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 5 Oct 2016.

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Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 8 × 6" (19 × 14 cm)

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/18/2016 · Barred Island Preserve, Deer Isle, ME

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/19/2009 · Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm) ID is uncertain

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/18/2016 · Shore Acres Preserve

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

6/29/2014 · Mount Agamenticus, York, ME
≈ 10 × 7" (25 × 16 cm)

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/20/2009 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/18/2016 · Shore Acres Preserve

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lingonberry, Mountain Cranberry, Cowberry, Foxberry, Red Whortleberry, Low Bush Cranberry, Low Bush Partridgeberry, Low Bush Cranberry or Partridgeberry, Partridgeberry)

9/20/2009 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Range:

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