FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Vinca minor

Vinca minor L.

 

Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderGentianalesGentians, coffee, gardenias, frangipani, many others
FamilyApocynaceaeDogbane family
GenusVincaFrom Latin vincio, “to bind,” a reference to the shoots
Speciesminor“Smaller”

About plant names...

Myrtle is a European native introduced to the United States in the 1700s, where it is used as an ornamental ground cover. It spreads quickly in some habitats and is sometimes considered an invasive.

Identification: Myrtle is only 6" (15 cm) high, a vine with dark, glossy evergreen leaves. It prefers the partial shade of forest floors, where it forms a nearly continuous mat. Leaves are elliptic in shape, with smooth edges, about 1" (2.5 cm) long. The natural plant has five-petaled blue-purple flowers about ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) across. Cultivars come in shades of reddish purple or white.

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

From Britton, Nathaniel Lord, and Brown, Addison, An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions, 1913, p. Vol. 3, p. 20, courtesy of the USDA PLANTS database.

Online References:

Vinca minor on Carolina Nature, from Will Cook

Vinca minor on Perry’s Perennial Pages

Vinca minor on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Vinca minor on Invasive.org, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Vinca minor at the USDA Forest Service State and Private Forestry Northeastern Area

Vinca minor and Vinca major on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

4/13/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm)

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

5/23/2009 · West Fork of Oak Creek Trail, AZ
≈ 6 × 4" (15 × 10 cm)

Vinca minor description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 15 Oct 2013.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

4/6/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

3/23/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton Center, Groton, MA
≈ 4 × 3½" (10 × 9.2 cm)

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

4/6/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

4/14/2010 · Mt. Lebanon St., Pepperell, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Vinca minor (Myrtle, Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle)

4/6/2010 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Groton, MA
≈ 11 × 12" (27 × 29 cm)

Range:

About this map...